Julius II


Julius II
(Giuliano della Rovere, r. 1503-1513)
   Nephew of Pope Sixtus IV who raised him to the cardinalate upon ascending the throne in 1471. Elected to the papacy in 1503, Julius set out to expand the Papal States by capturing the Romagna, Perugia, and Bologna territories the papacy had once owned. In 1508, he joined the League of Cambrai against Venice, which resulted in the recovery of Rimini and Faenza. His other major political concern was to free Italy from the French. In 1511, he formed the Holy League with Venice, Spain, England, Switzerland, and the Holy Roman Emperor. In 1512, the Swiss defeated the French in Novarra, and Parma, Piacenza, and Reggio Emilia were annexed to the Papal States. The victory was short-lived as Julius died in the following year. The league was dissolved, and the French captured Lombardy. Julius is best remembered for his art patronage. Michelangelo painted the Sistine ceiling (1508-1512) under his papacy and Raphael the Stanza della Segnatura (1510-1511), both at the Vatican. Donato Bramante submitted his design for New St. Peter's under Julius' patronage (1506), and Michelangelo rendered the pope's tomb (1505-1545) originally intended for St. Peter's, but eventually placed in the pope's titular Church of San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Julius — (fem. Julia) is the nomen of the gens Julia, an important patrician family of ancient Rome supposed to have descended from Julus, and thus from the goddess Venus. ( See also: Julio Claudian dynasty Julia Caesaris). They apparently originated from …   Wikipedia

  • Julius — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Julius II —     Pope Julius II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Julius II     (GIULIANO DELLA ROVERE).     Born on 5 December, 1443, at Albissola near Savona; crowned on 28 November, 1503; died at Rome, in the night of 20 21 February, 1513. He was born of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Julius — ou Iulius est un nom de famille romain (nomen) devenu un prénom chrétien. Les Julius célèbres : Jules César, Caius Julius Cæsar ; Saint Julius, martyr britannique du IVe siècle, persécuté en même temps qu Aaron ; Julius,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Julius — hace referencia a: Julius (programa), programa para reconocimiento del habla; Julius Wagner Jauregg, médico austríaco, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1927; Julius Wellhausen, teólogo protestante alemán; Esta página de desambiguación cataloga… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Julius I — may refer to:*Pope Julius I *Prince Julius I of Pindus …   Wikipedia

  • Julĭus [1] — Julĭus (v. lat., der Jugendliche). I. Römer: Die Julia gens war ein uraltes römisches Geschlecht, welches aus Alba Longa stammte, seinen Ursprung von Julus (s. Askanios) herleitete u. nach der Zerstörung Albas unter Tullus Hostilius nach Rom… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Julius — m Roman family name, of obscure derivation, borne most notably by Gaius Julius Caesar (?102–44 BC). It was in use among the early Christians, and was the name of an early and influential pope (337–52), as well as of a later pope (1443–1513) who… …   First names dictionary

  • Julius — Jūlius, des Julii, plur. car. der siebente Monath im Jahre, welcher seinen Nahmen von dem Julius Cäsar hat, da er vorher bey den Römern Quinctilis hieß, im Deutschen aber Heumonath genannt wird, S. dieses Wort …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • Julius [1] — Julius, der 7. Monat des Jahres, dem Julius Cäsar zu Ehren so genannt (hieß im altröm. Kalender, da das Jahr mit dem März anfing, Quintilis, d.h. der 5. Monat) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Julĭus [2] — Julĭus, Nikolaus Heinrich, geb. 3. October 1783 in Altona, studirte seit 1807 Medicin in Heidelberg u. Würzburg, wurde 1809 Arzt in Hamburg, machte 1813 als Freiwilliger unter der Hanseatischen Legion den Feldzug gegen Frankreich mit u. war dann… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.